PhD Defense: Phase Noise Tolerant Modulation Formats and DSP Algorithms for Coherent Optical Systems

You are all cordially invited to the following PhD defense:

Phase Noise Tolerant Modulation Formats and DSP Algorithms for Coherent Optical Systems

by Jaime Rodrigo Navarro

Time: Friday June 9, 10.00
Room: Sal C (Sal Sven-Olof Öhrvik), Electrum, Kista

Opponent: Prof. Gabriella Bosco, Politecnico di Torino
Chairman: Prof. Saulius Marcinkevicius, KTH
Main Supervisor: Prof. Sergei Popov, KTH

Evaluation Committee:
Prof. Ben Slimane, KTH
Dr. Qin Wang, RISE Acreo
Dr. Olof Sahlén, Infinera


Coherent detection together with multilevel modulation formats has the potential to significantly increase the capacity of existing optical communication systems at no extra cost in signal bandwidth. However, these modulation formats are more susceptible to the impact of different noise sources and distortions as the distance between its constellation points in the complex plane reduces with the modulation index. In this context, digital signal processing (DSP) plays a key role as it allows compensating for the impairments occurring during signal generation, transmission and/or detection relaxing the complexity of the overall system. The transition towards pluggable optical transceivers, offers flexibility for network design/upgrade but sets strict requirements on the power consumption of the DSP thus limiting its complexity. The DSP module complexity however, scales with the modulation order and, in this scenario, low complex yet high performance DSP algorithms are highly desired.

In this thesis, we mainly focus on the impact of laser phase noise arising from the transmitter and local oscillator (LO) lasers in coherent optical communication systems employing high order modulation formats. In these systems, the phase noise of the transmitting and LO lasers translate into phase noise in the received constellation impeding the proper recovery of the transmitted data. In order to increase the system phase noise tolerance, we firstly explore the possibility of re-arranging the constellation points in a circularly shaped mQAM (C-mQAM) constellation shape to exploit its inherent phase noise tolerance. Different low-complex carrier phase recovery (CPR) schemes applicable to these constellations are proposed along with a discussion on its performance and implementation complexity. Secondly, the design guidelines of high performance and low complex CPR schemes for conventional square mQAM constellations are presented. We identify the inherent limitation of the state-of-the-art blind phase search (BPS) carrier phase recovery algorithm which hinders its achievable performance and implementation complexity and present a low complex solution to overcome it. The design guidelines of multi-stage CPR schemes for high order modulation formats, where the BPS algorithm is employed at any of the stages, are also provided and discussed. Finally, the interplay between the received dispersed signal and the LO phase noise is analytically investigated to characterize the origin of the equalization enhanced phase noise phenomena.

Download full thesis here

Friday, June 9, 2017, 10:00
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Electrum, Sal C
Kistagången 16