PhD defense: Frequency Noise in Coherent Optical Systems: Impact and Mitigation Methods

You are all cordially invited to the following PhD defense:

Frequency Noise in Coherent Optical Systems: Impact and Mitigation Methods

by Aditya Kakkar

Time: Friday June 9, 14.00
Room: Sal C (Sal Sven-Olof Öhrvik), Electrum, Kista

Opponent: Prof. Magnus Karlsson, Chalmers Tekniska Högskola
Chairman: Doc. Lech Wosinski, KTH
Main Supervisor: Doc. Richard Schatz, KTH

Evaluation Committee:
Ass. Prof. Marco Secondini, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa
Prof. Lena Wosinska, KTH
Dr. Edgard Goobar, Finisar Sweden AB


The increase in capacity demand along with the advancement in digital signal processing (DSP) have recently revived the interest in coherent optical communications and led to its commercialization. However, design and development of robust DSP algorithms for example for carrier phase recovery (CPR) becomes complex as we opt for high order modulation formats such as 16QAM and beyond. Further, electrical-domain dispersion compensation (EDC), while providing many advantages, makes the system more susceptible to laser frequency noise (FN). For instance, in coherent optical links with post-reception EDC, while the transmitter frequency noise causes only phase impairment, the local oscillator (LO) FN in these systems results in a noise enhancement in both amplitude and phase. This noise is commonly known as equalization enhanced phase noise (EEPN). It results in asymmetric requirements for transmitter laser and LO laser. Further, the system design in the presence of lasers with non-white frequency noise becomes increasingly challenging for increased capacity-distance product.

The main contributions of this thesis are, firstly, an experimentally validated theory of coherent optical links with lasers having general non-white frequency noise spectrum and corresponding system/laser design criteria and mitigation technique. Secondly, low complexity and high phase noise tolerant CPR for high order modulation formats.

The general theory propounded in this thesis elucidates the origin of the laser frequency noise induced noise enhancement in coherent optical links with different DSP configurations. The thesis establishes the existence of multiple frequency noise regimes and shows that each regime results in different set of impairments. The influence of the impairments due to some regimes can ideally be reduced by optimizing the corresponding mitigation algorithms, while other regimes cause irretrievable impairments. Experimentally validated theoretical boundaries of these regimes and corresponding criteria applicable to system/laser design are provided. Further, an EEPN mitigation method and its two possible implementations are proposed and discussed.

The thesis also demonstrates an intrinsic limitation of the conventional Blind Phase Search (BPS) algorithm due to angular quantization and provides methods to overcome it. Finally, this thesis proposes and demonstrates single stage and multi-stage carrier phase recovery algorithms for compensation of phase impairments due to the two lasers for higher order circular and square modulations. The proposed methods outperform the state of art algorithms both in performance and in complexity.

Download the full thesis here

Friday, June 9, 2017, 14:00
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Electrum, Sal C
Kistagången 16
Aditya Kakkar